Written by Pirate Party co-founder Rick Falkvinge, the piece obviously has a bit of an editorial lean to it. Nonetheless, still useful. Full piece at TorrentFreak:
It started around 1905, when the self-playing piano was becoming popular. Sellers of note sheet music proclaimed that this would be the end of artistry if they couldn’t make a living off of middlemen between composers and the public, so they called for a ban on the player piano. A famous letter in 1906 claims that both the gramophone and the self-playing piano will be the end of artistry, and indeed, the end of a vivid, songful humanity.